Glandular fever

What is glandular fever? Glandular fever, also called infectious mononucleosis, is a viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The Epstein-Barr virus is part of the herpes group of viruses and is very common, however, like the other herpes viruses you may be infected but never show any symptoms. The vast majority of people with…

Sexual Health

In this section we describe the type of infections both common and not so common that you can get from unprotected sex with a partner. What are sexually transmitted diseases? Sexual activity often involves getting close to another person. Being close allows infections present in one person to be passed on to the other. You…

Trichomonas Vaginalis

What is trichomonas vaginalis? Several different organisms can cause vaginal discharge and irritation (vaginitis). The most common organisms being :- The parasite, trichomonas vaginalis. The bacteria gardnerella vaginalis (bacterial vaginosis). The yeast candida (that causes thrush Trichomonas Vaginalis (T.V.), ‘trich’ or trichomoniasis is caused by a tiny parasite. T.V. mostly infects the vagina in women,…

Syphilis

What is syphilis? Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria called Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is not a common infection in the U.K., the majority of the cases of syphilis in the U.K. were contracted in countries where syphilis is still widespread. Syphilis develops in three stages:- Stage 1 – known as the primary…

Pubic Lice

What are pubic lice? Pubic lice are tiny insects which live in coarse body hair. This means they cannot only be found in pubic hair but also in underarm hair, hairy legs, chests and eyelashes. They have also been known to exist in beards and eyebrows. The lice are skin coloured and about 2mm long,…

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (P.I.D.)

What is pelvic inflammatory disease? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (P.I.D.) is an infection which occurs when bacteria enters the cervix and spreads upwards into the pelvic organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes and the ovaries. Apart from H.I.V., P.I.D. is the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases. What causes pelvic inflammatory disease? There…

G.U.M. clinics

What are G.U.M. clinics? Your local G.U.M. clinic ( Genito-Urinary Medicine) is an N.H.S. run clinic for all aspects of sexual health. You can find details of your nearest clinic in the phone book under genito-urinary clinic, sexually transmitted diseases (S.T.D.) or venereal diseases (V.D.). You may also find your nearest clinic by visiting the…

Gonorrhoea

What is gonorrhoea? Gonorrhoea, often known as the ‘clap’ is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. The bacterium grows and multiplies quickly in moist, warm areas of the body. Gonorrhoea can infect areas of the body such as the cervix, urethra, anus, rectum or throat. In women the cervix is the most common site…

Genital Warts

What are genital warts? Warts are caused by a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (H.P.V.). and they can occur anywhere on the body. When they appear on the sexual organs they are known as genital warts and when they appear around the back passage they are known as anal warts. H.P.V. is the name of…

Genital herpes

What is genital herpes? Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus. There are two types of herpes, they are known as herpes simplex virus type 1 (H.S.V.1) and type 2 (H.S.V.2). Type 1 most commonly affects the lips and mouth, they usually appear as coldsores. Type 2 generally affects the genital and anal area.…

Chlamydia

What is chlamydia? Chlamydia comes from the Greek word meaning ‘to cloak’ and is caused by bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis. The bacteria mainly infect the  genitals but it can sometimes infect the throat and rectum. Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in young adults. Chlamydia is very easy to treat with antibiotics but…

Bacterial Vaginosis

What is bacterial vaginosis? Several different organisms can cause vaginal discharge and irritation (vaginitis). The most common organisms being :- The bacteria gardnerella vaginalis (bacterial vaginosis). The yeast candida (that causes thrush). The parasite, trichomonas vaginalis. Bacterial vaginosis is a very common vaginal infection. It occurs when bacteria that normally exist in small numbers in…